“Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things.”
Management is the act of exerting influence on individuals, therefore wielding control over a business or organisation. Good management achieves this in such a way that a positive outcome is achieved. Bad management is the opposite!
Competent managers organise, summarise, administer and communicate with other people, departments and organisations. However, management is not a substitute for leadership. People cannot be managed into responsibility or competence, however they can be lead there. A competent leader may also be a good manager, but a good manager may lack the inspirational or creative traits to be a ‘real leader’.
Leadership is ‘the ability to influence the opinions, attitudes and behaviour of others’. Note the difference between control (management) and influence (leadership). An effective manager normally displays leadership qualities. Think of Winston Churchill as the Prime Minister of Great Britain during World War II. He worked in the War Rooms beneath Whitehall with the War Cabinet (management-control) whilst the bombs rained down on London. He also provided inspiration and leadership (leadership – influence) to the British people through his speeches and walking and talking to Londoners during the ‘Blitz providing hope and vision for overcoming the Nazi threat. He was both an effective manager and leader.
Here are some of the characteristics of managers and leaders :
|Rely on control of the situation||Inspire trust in their followers|
|Have a short range view||Have long range perspectives|
|Generally accept the status quo||Usually challenge the status quo|
|Administers and maintains the organisation||Motivate and develop the organisation|
Having compared the two, most managers develop leadership qualities over time, given circumstances, training, support and ability.
There are 6 main characteristics of being an effective leader:
- Having – clear sense of direction (vision and goal setting)
- Communicating – the vision to others
- Being – innovative and searching for opportunities (taking risks)
- Empowering – by building and encouraging strong teams
- Leading – by example, having clear views and being consistent (moral authority)
- Knowing – your own and followers strength and weaknesses
As leaders, whether at the local sports club, charity, department, organisation or business we need to develop our leadership skills and understand the main characteristics of being an effective leader?
How can you become a more effective as a leader?